001). There were no significant differences either in the frequen

001). There were no significant differences either in the frequency of bacteria isolation regarding different IUD types (P = 0.93), or in relation to duration of IUD use (P = 0.67).

Conclusions: Based on the data in our study IUD users have an increased chance of developing a cervical infection caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Therefore, before IUD insertion women should be screened and treated for asymptomatic

vaginal or cervical infections to prevent possible PI3K inhibitor serious IUD-associated infections.”
“We evaluated the UniCel DxH 800 Coulter Cellular Analysis System, the newest-generation hematologic analyzer from Beckman Coulter, Inc, for its accuracy and clinical sensitivity. We compared the accuracy of the complete blood count (CBC), differential counts, nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) counts, and reticulocyte parameters from the DxH 800 system to that of the Coulter LH 750 Hematology Analyzer, and to manual differentials.

The DxH 800 system provided accurate results for all analyzed parameters including the NRBC count, which correlated well with the manual NRBC count. With regard to flagged results, the DxH 800 was approximately 10% more efficient compared with the LH 750 LDN-193189 cell line analyzer. With our workload of more than 1500 samples per day, a 10% gain in overall efficiency will result in 30 fewer slides for review per day. The DxH 800 had a better negative predictive

value (ie, 94% vs. 89%) and a better positive predictive value (ie, 40% vs. 34%).

The DxH 800 system accurately counts CBCs, as well as differential and reticulocyte parameters. In this evaluation, we observed better clinical sensitivity in comparison SB203580 purchase with the LH 750 analyzer.”
“Background and Objective

The Reveos automated blood processing system has been developed to combine primary and secondary processing of whole-blood units, resulting in a plasma unit, a red-blood-cell concentrate and an interim platelet unit per input. The aim of this study was to determine

product specifications and in vitro quality of components produced by the Reveos system.

Materials and Methods

Whole blood was processed using the Reveos system and compared with historical Reference units produced using semi-automated methods. Reveos red cells were leucoreduced and stored in SAGM at 4 degrees C. Reveos plasma was frozen at -30 degrees C and factor activity was assessed after thawing. Reference red cell, plasma and buffy coats were produced by top and bottom processing. Leucoreduced Reveos and Reference platelet concentrates were prepared by pooling four interim platelet units or four buffy coats, respectively, with SSP+.

Results

Processing with the Reveos system was faster (76min) than semi-automated separation (92min). The red cell and platelet yields were higher in the units prepared by the Reveos system. The Reference and Reveos red cell and plasma units had very similar in vitro quality parameters.

Results. Mean VAS and ODI scores improved significantly

Results. Mean VAS and ODI scores improved significantly PFTα solubility dmso after 6 weeks and throughout the 2 years. Radiographic results demonstrated, at a minimum, maintenance of disc height with no device expulsion and, despite Modic-Type 1 changes, no subsidence. Fourteen patients had serious adverse events including device explants in 7 patients (7 of 85), in which the main complication was resumed back pain after time. Patients’ rate of analgesic medication decreased dramatically over time, with all patients experiencing significant improvements after 3 months and nearly no analgesic medication or narcotic drug use at 2 years.

Conclusion. The interim outcomes

showed significant improvements in mean ODI and VAS scores. The results of these European AZD1208 price studies suggest that the DASCOR Device may be a safe and effective less-invasive surgical option for patients with DDD.”
“Solution and solid-state Silicon-29 NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (WAXS), infrared spectroscopy (IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetric were used for the characterization of organic-inorganic hybrids, obtained

from 4-[5-dichloromethylsilyl]pentyl]oxy]-cyanobenzene (DCN) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Presence of reaction intermediates during chemical reactions was characterized by NMR. The hybrids are mainly composed of a siloxane copolyrner with silicate units. Copolymer has pendant groups of pentyl-cyanobenzene that behave as chromophores. The nature of ordered-disordered phases was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis. Ordered phase has a mesogenic structure containing the siloxane copolymer. The disordered phase is mainly silica glass. Molecular modeling Lazertinib molecular weight for an idealized section of the copolymer suggests that pentyl-oxy-cyanobenzene side-chains align as rigid mesogens along the polymer backbone. Hybrids present self diffraction patterns in coherent luminous

rings forms. These patterns indicate the presence of nonlinear optic (NLO) properties. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 111: 794-804, 2009″
“Study Design. Retrospective evaluation of perioperative complications with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on an absorbable collagen sponge (rhBMP-2/ACS) versus iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) for instrumented posterior cervical fusion.

Objective. To determine the risk of perioperative complications using rhBMP-2/ACS for posterior cervical fusion compared with ICBG.

Summary of Background Data. There is substantial use of rhBMP-2/ACS as a bone graft substitute for spine fusions outside the Food and Drug Administration-approved indication of anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Efficacy for inducing fusion and avoidance of iliac crest donor-site complications are frequent reasons cited for its use.

Two artificial mixtures containing the same proportions of the ma

Two artificial mixtures containing the same proportions of the main terpenes present in each oil (except the commercially unavailable y-terpineol) proved equal or significantly superior in activity when compared with the original oils. It is felt that this study might contribute to the formulation of terpene mixtures acting more efficiently and reproducibly with respect to natural NEOs, whose complex and variable composition, depending on growing place, season, and extraction process, is well documented in the relevant literature.”
“Introduction: Lung transplantation of patients on mechanical

ventilation is controversial, but successful transplantation of these patients has been reported. This report describes our institutional experience with lung transplantation of mechanically Ventilated patients since 2003.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all adult patients who underwent transplantation

selleckchem GSI-IX between October 2003 and October 2007. The patients on mechanical ventilation before transplantation were compared with patients without mechanical ventilation before transplantation. Survival, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, post-transplant mechanical ventilation days, and primary graft function were analyzed.

Results: Before transplantation, 15 patients received mechanical ventilation for a median of 20 days (range, 5-90 days); of these, 13 underwent transplantation, and 2 died waiting for transplantation. The control group comprised 70 patients. Time on the transplantation waiting list was significantly shorter for the study group vs the control group. The 2 groups did not differ in survival, post-transplantation hospital time, and primary graft dysfunction scores at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours after transplantation. LY3039478 cell line Median time,of mechanical ventilation after transplantation and median length of stay in the intensive care unit stay were longer in the study group.

Conclusion: The survival rate and post-operative clinical course of patients undergoing transplantation while receiving mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure suggest

that these patients can be considered for lung transplantation. Despite a longer time on post-operative mechanical ventilation and length of ICU stay, outcome is similar to that of other lung transplant candidates. J Heart Lung Transplant 2009;28: 347-51. Copyright (C) 2009 by the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.”
“Objective-To describe clinical and clinicopathologic findings and outcome of horses with meningitis and meningoencephalomyelitis.

Design-Retrospective case series.

Animals-28 horses.

Procedures-Medical records of horses admitted to the hospital during a 25-year period were reviewed. Horses with a definitive diagnosis of meningitis or meningoencephalomyelitis were included in this study.

Serologic testing for antibodies against E. cuniculi was also per

Serologic testing for antibodies against E. cuniculi was also performed in 100 ophthalmologically healthy cats.

Results Eleven (19 eyes) European shorthair cats with a median age of 3.5 years were included. Nine of 11 cats had bilateral cataracts, with 12/19 eyes having focal anterior cortical cataracts and 7/19 eyes having mature cataracts. In 14/19 eyes anterior uveitis was present. All cats had a positive antibody titer (1:80-1:10 000) for E. cuniculi. Encephalitozoon cuniculi DNA was detected by PCR and sequencing in 18/19 lenses and in 10/19 aqueous samples. Five tentative

positive results were detected by cytologic examination. Spores were detected in 15/19 samples of lens material with histopathologic staining. Only 2/100 ophthalmologically healthy cats showed a positive antibody titer for E. cuniculi.

Conclusion Encephalitozoon cuniculi is a cause of focal anterior cortical check details cataract and anterior uveitis in GSK1904529A inhibitor cats.”
“Introduction: Traumatic chest injuries may occur following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to address the frequency of injuries, especially rib and sternal fractures, and also to identify factors that contribute to post-CPR trauma.

Methods: This study was a prospective cross-sectional

study conducted in the emergency departments (ED) of eight academic tertiary care centers. To evaluate injuries secondary to CPR, we performed chest computed tomography (CT) in patients who were successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest. Contributing factors that might be related to injuries were also investigated.

Results: We enrolled 71 patients between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2011. Rib and sternal fractures were diagnosed in 22 and 3 patients, respectively. Females were more susceptible to rib fracture (p = 0.036). When non-physicians participated as chest compressors in the ED, more ribs

were fractured BMS-777607 in vitro (p = 0.048). The duration of CPR and number of compressors were not contributing factors to trauma secondary to CPR. There was a wide variation in the frequency of rib fractures from hospital to hospital (0-83.3%). In high-risk hospitals (in which more than 50% of patients had rib fractures), the average age of the patients was higher, and non-physicians took part in ED CPR more often than they did at low-risk hospitals.

Conclusion: The incidence of rib fracture following CPR was different in various hospitals. The presence of non-physician chest compressors in the ED was one of the contributing factors to rib fracture. Further studies on the influence of resuscitators and relation between quality of chest compression and CPR-induced injuries are warranted to reduce complications following CPR. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Monoclonal antibodies are widely used for the treatment of cancer, inflammatory and infectious diseases and other disorders.

In most microfluidic devices, drug effects on small animals (e. g

In most microfluidic devices, drug effects on small animals (e. g., Caenorhabditis elegans) are quantified by an end-point, dose response curve representing a single parameter (such as worm velocity or stroke frequency). Here, we present a multi-parameter extraction method to characterize modes of paralysis in

C. elegans over an extended time period. A microfluidic device with real-time imaging is used to expose C. elegans to four anthelmintic drugs (i.e., pyrantel, https://www.selleckchem.com/products/CX-6258.html levamisole, tribendimidine, and methyridine). We quantified worm behavior with parameters such as curls per second, types of paralyzation, mode frequency, and number/duration of active/immobilization periods. Each drug was chosen at EC75 where 75% of the worm population is responsive to the drug. At equipotent concentrations, we observed differences in the manner with which worms paralyzed in drug environments. Our study highlights the need for assaying this website drug effects on small animal models with multiple parameters quantified at regular time points over an extended period to adequately capture the resistance and adaptability in chemical environments. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“Background: Radial corrective osteotomy is an established but challenging treatment for distal radial malunion. There is ongoing discussion over whether an opening or closing-wedge osteotomy should be employed. The

purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare the clinical and radiographic results of conventional opening-wedge osteotomy with those of our closing-wedge technique.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated forty-two patients with extra-articular distal radial malunion who were managed with corrective osteotomy and were followed for a minimum of one year. Twenty-two patients were managed with radial opening-wedge osteotomy and interpositional bone graft or bone-graft substitute, and twenty GSK1210151A cost were managed with simultaneous radial closing-wedge and ulnar shortening osteotomy

without bone graft. The selection of the surgical procedure was determined by the surgeon. Each patient was evaluated on the basis of objective radiographic measurements and functional outcomes as determined on the basis of clinical examination, including range of wrist motion, grip strength, pain-rating score, Mayo wrist score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score.

Results: The mean duration of follow-up was thirty-six months (range, twelve to 101 months) for the opening-wedge cohort and twenty-eight months (range, twelve to eighty-seven months) for the closing-wedge cohort. The two techniques were comparable in terms of complications. Postoperative volar tilt and ulnar variance improved significantly compared with the preoperative status in each cohort (p < 0.05). Restoration of ulnar variance to within defined criteria (-2.5 to 0.

Nociceptive behavior (mechanical allodynia and weight-bearing dis

Nociceptive behavior (mechanical allodynia and weight-bearing distribution of hind paws) during OA development was analyzed pre- and 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 weeks post-ACLT. Macroscopic and histologic studies were then performed on the cartilage and synovia. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to examine the effect of glucosamine on expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the articular cartilage chondrocytes.

Results: selleckchem OA rats receiving glucosamine showed a significantly lower degree of cartilage degeneration than the rats

receiving placebo. Glucosamine treatment also suppressed synovitis. Mechanical allodynia and weight-bearing distribution studies showed significant improvement in the OA + glucosamine group as compared to the OA group. Moreover, glucosamine attenuated p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) but increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK) expression in OA-affected cartilage.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that treatment with oral glucosamine sulfate in a rat OA model (1) attenuates the development of OA, (2) concomitantly reduces nociception, and (3) modulates chondrocyte metabolism, possibly through selleck chemical inhibition of cell p38 and JNK and increase of ERK expression. (C) 2010 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Osteomyelitis is an acute or

chronic inflammatory process that occurs in bone. Although cranial bones are rarely involved, timely diagnosis and early treatment are mandatory because of its proximity to critical neurovascular structures and aesthetic considerations. A 57-year-old

woman, who had a comminuted open nasal bone fracture 20 years ago, presented a firm, painful swelling nose. Whole-body bone scan images indicated increased uptake of the nasal bone, which was suspected to be osteomyelitis. After debridement, the nose was reconstructed with a thin latissimus dorsi perforator flap. In this article, we report a rare case of chronic osteomyelitis of the nose and provide a brief review of the literature. It is important for clinicians to consider osteomyelitis for early diagnosis and treatment.”
“Objective

To compare the dexamethasone concentration in various structures of the feline eye following a single topical application of dexamethasone as an ophthalmic learn more ointment or suspension.

Animals studied

Nineteen cats, euthanized due to reasons not related to this study, were selected and their ocular health status evaluated. Selected animals were treated with dexamethasone ointment or suspension.

Procedure

The concentration of dexamethasone was determined in the following structures of the eye: third eyelid, cornea, aqueous humor, iris, lens, vitreous body, and choroid/retina. The dexamethasone concentration in the eye was measured by radioimmunoassay. The applied amount of dexamethasone was 0.05 mg in 0.05 mL Isopto Dex (R) ophthalmic suspension and 0.

With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat

With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at approximate to 450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 398-407.”
“Based on the Keldysh Green’s function method within the tight-binding model, the spin transfer torque is analyzed in a magnetic tunnel junction with a synthetic ferrimagnetic (SyF) free layer in the ballistic regime. The spin transfer torque exerted on the magnetizations of ferromagnetic

bilayers in the SyF free layer tends to rotate the magnetizations https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Adriamycin.html in the same direction as a combined motion of the SyF free layer regardless of the bias direction. This rotation causes a reduction of the critical current for the DMXAA magnetization switching of the SyF free layer which is consistent with experimental observations.

(C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3549437]“
“Sodium and potassium butyl xanthates (Nabxt and Kbxt) were prepared in the laboratory. Characterization of these xanthates were done using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. These xanthates were used as accelerators for the prevulcanization of natural rubber latex (NRL) at room temperature. Optimization of prevulcanization time was done. Films were casted from these prevulcanized NRL. Tensile properties of latex vulcanisates were measured and potassium butyl xanthate gave superior properties to the NRL films compared with sodium butyl xanthate. Effect Selleckchem MDV3100 of thermal ageing on tensile properties of these prevulcanized NRL films was also investigated and these properties were found to be improved after thermal ageing. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl

Polym Sci 122: 1325-1332, 2011″
“Background: The independent effect of individual foods on the risk of respiratory disease is difficult to establish because intakes of specific foods are generally strongly correlated. To date, few studies have examined the relation between dietary food patterns and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) or respiratory symptoms.

Objective: The objective was to investigate the relation between dietary patterns and FEV1, FEV1 decline, and respiratory health in a general population sample.

Design: Data were collected from the cross-sectional study in 12,648 adults from the Netherlands [MORGEN-EPIC (Monitoring Project on Risk Factors and Chronic Diseases in the Netherlands-European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)]. Principal components analysis was used to derive dietary patterns, and multivariate regression analyses were conducted to investigate these patterns with FEV1 or respiratory health.

Leptin levels were significantly lower in patients with delirium

Leptin levels were significantly lower in patients with delirium and correlated negatively with the number of diagnoses and medications, but not with age, gender, body mass index, or hematology and renal test results. Leptin levels may have a role in the pathophysiological

process of delirium and low leptin could be a useful clinical biomarker to establish risk in elderly patients given the association with delirium.”
“Potassium ions (K+) are required for plant growth and development, including cell division and cell elongation/expansion, PFTα molecular weight which are mediated by the K+ transport system. In this study, we investigated the role of K+ in cell division using tobacco BY-2 protoplast cultures. Gene expression analysis revealed induction of the Shaker-like outward K+ channel gene, NTORK1, under cell-division conditions, whereas the inward K+ channel genes NKT1 and NtKC1 were induced under both cell-elongation PF-04929113 and cell-division conditions. Repression of NTORK1 gene expression by expression of its antisense construct repressed cell division but accelerated cell elongation even under conditions promoting cell division. A decrease in the K+ content of cells and cellular osmotic pressure in dividing cells suggested that an increase in cell osmotic pressure by K+ uptake is not required for cell division. In contrast, K+ depletion,

which reduced cell-division activity, decreased cytoplasmic pH as monitored using a fluorescent pH indicator, SNARF-1. Application of K+ or https://www.selleckchem.com/MEK.html the cytoplasmic alkalizing reagent (NH4)(2)SO4 increased cytoplasmic pH and suppressed the reduction in cell-division activity. These results suggest that the K+ taken up into cells is used to regulate cytoplasmic pH during cell division.”
“Purpose: We report the rare case of a patient with intractable epilepsy and escalating aggression, resulting in murder, who had complete resolution of her seizures and explosive behavior following a right temporal lobectomy.

Patients and methods: We searched the available literature from 1880 to 2013 for cases of epilepsy being used as a court defense for murder and collected information regarding the final sentencing outcomes. We selected

15 papers with a total of 50 homicides.

Results: We describe the case of a 47-year-old woman with drug-resistant right temporal epilepsy who developed increasing emotional lability, outbursts of anger and escalating violent behavior culminating in a violent murder. The patient was imprisoned while awaiting trial. In the interim, she underwent a successful temporal lobectomy with full resolution of seizures, interictal rage and aggressive behaviors. After the surgery, her charges were downgraded and she was transferred to a psychiatric facility.

Conclusion: The aggressive behavior associated with epilepsy has been described in the literature for over a century. A link between epilepsy and aggression has been disproportionally emphasized.

XRD patterns confirmed that the increase in interlayer spacing of

XRD patterns confirmed that the increase in interlayer spacing of Na-montmorillonite (Na-MMT) from 1.21 to 1.64 nm supports the intercalation. Although the width of the intercalated, delaminated montmorillonite aggregates are less than 100 nm (as seen in transmission electron microscopy), the prepared samples

are members of the intercalated composite group. The samples exhibited better thermal stability than the pure polymer. Nitrogen adsorption capacity decreased due to the hindering of molecule diffusion and shielding of the intercalated https://www.selleckchem.com/ALK.html aggregates by the polymer matrix. The decrease in moisture and water uptake of the samples indicated that the hydrophilic nature of montmorillonite changed greatly due to

the hydrophobicity with increasing polymer content. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 3662-3667, 2012″
“Nonlinear optical properties of luminescent multinuclear platinum(II) complex of branched alkynyls in benzene solution are investigated at room temperature by using two-photon fluorescence (TPF) technique. It is found that the material shows unusual nonlinear optical characteristics under the excitation of near infrared femtosecond laser pulses. selleck compound The self-focusing of laser beam energy during propagation of the laser pulses in the sample with large nonlinear coefficient for the refractive index is observed. Based on this phenomenon, a new method for measuring the nonlinear coefficient and two-photon absorption cross section of materials is proposed. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3622587]“
“Curculigo orchioides rhizome extracts were evaluated for antibacterial activity against pathogenic strains of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhimurium) bacteria. Because the steam distilled selleck kinase inhibitor preparation was found to be the most active amongst the different extracts, its antibacterial activity

against the aforementioned strains was compared to the standard antibiotics gentamycin, ampicillin, doxycycline and erythromycin. Only the clinical isolate of S. aureus showed more sensitivity towards water extracts than the standard strain. Also, the steam distilled fraction was more effective against Gram-positive strains than Gram-negative strains. Therefore, the steam distilled extract from C. orchioides has a potential application as an antiseptic for the prevention and treatment of antibacterial infections, and the present findings support its traditional local uses.”
“Transient suppression of the motor cortex and of the speech areas cause well-described postictal phenomena following seizures involving the respective cortical areas. Pain is a rare symptom in epileptic seizures. We present a patient with painful tonic seizures in the left leg.

Objects in the stomach and intestine were spontaneously passed mo

Objects in the stomach and intestine were spontaneously passed more frequently than at any other sites in the gastrointestinal

system. Complications such as bowel perforations, infection and death are more commonly associated with ingestion of objects such as batteries and sharp objects such as bones and needles. Ingested objects are most commonly removed by endoscopic means.

Conclusion: Foreign body ingestion is Alvocidib manufacturer a common paediatric problem. Batteries and sharp objects should be removed immediately to avoid complications while others can be observed for spontaneous passage. Endoscopy has a high success rate in removing ingested foreign bodies. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Pevonedistat mouse Decannulation failure is usually due to tracheal obstruction. Prior to decannulation,

inspection by the invasive procedure of bronchoscopy that permits morphological evaluation of a tracheal stenosis is standard practice. A non-invasive method enabling the quantification of the airway obstruction that requires little cooperation is measurement of the airway resistance by the forced oscillation technique. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to define oscillatory impedance thresholds which predict successful decannulation. Methods: A total of 131 patients were investigated prospectively. Step 1: Following probatory decannulation, measurement of the oscillatory impedance. Step 2: Blinded to the results of the impedance measurement, bronchoscopy-assisted decannulation

attempt. The criteria for renewed cannulation were high-grade laryngeal or tracheal obstruction, dyspnea or stridor, or a drop in SaO(2) < 90% under O(2) insufflation. Statistics: Determination of the ratio tracheal tube remains/tracheal tube removed (TT+/TT-) for every measured value of the Nirogacestat in vitro oscillatory resistance at 5 Hz (Ros 5 Hz). Determination of specificity and positive predictive value for determined threshold values with respect to TT-. Results: The data of 126 patients were evaluated. TT+ n = 26, TT- n = 100. Decannulation on the basis of bronchoscopy criteria: Specificity and positive predictive value found out for Ros 5 Hz < 0.35 kPa/l/s (n = 44) were 1.00 and 1.00, respectively, and for Ros 5 Hz < 0.47 kPa/l/s (n = 71) 0.88 and 0.96, respectively. Conclusions: Measurement of the oscillatory airway resistance represents a practicable method prior to decannulation. Below a value of Ros 5 Hz < 0.35 kPa/l/s, bronchoscopy would appear not to be necessary. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Objectives: To systematically review the preoperative diagnostic modalities, surgical treatments, and glandular pathologies associated with primary hyperparathyroidism in children and adolescents under 20 years of age.