In conclusion, peripubertal GH/IGF-1 deficiency confers pro-oxidative cellular effects, which likely promote an adverse functional and structural phenotype in the vasculature, and results in accelerated vascular impairments later in life.”
“We measured the loss of cardiac mitochondrial
function related to aging in males of three rat strains presenting with different longevity and aging phenotypes: the Fischer 344 (F344), the Brown Norway (BN), and the hybrid F344xBN. The F344 rat has a short life span and a similar to 45% decrease in coupled mitochondrial oxidation in the cardiac permeabilized fibers from the old rats compared with the young rats. Citrate synthase activity in the permeabilized fibers (mitochondrial content) did not change significantly
with aging. The BN live longer compared with the F344 CH5183284 supplier and have a 15%-18% loss of mitochondrial respiration in the aged rats compared with the young rats. The differences are not significant. In CFTRinh-172 chemical structure hybrids, more resistant to aging than are the BN and the F344, mitochondrial function is preserved during aging. The difference in longevity of the different strains is correlated with mitochondrial dysfunction in the heart, suggesting the importance of mitochondria in cardiac aging.”
“Tumor necrosis factor-like cytokine 1A (TL1A) is expressed in endothelial cells and contributes to T-cell activation, via an extracellular fragment TL1A(L72-L251), Pitavastatin in vitro generated by ectodomain shedding. Fragments of TL1A, referred to as vascular endothelial growth inhibitor, were found to induce growth arrest and apoptosis in endothelial cells; however, the underlying mechanisms remained obscure. Here, we show that full-length TL1A is the major detectable gene product in both human umbilical vein endothelial cells and circulating endothelial progenitor cells. TL1A expression was significantly enhanced in senescent circulating endothelial progenitor cells, and knockdown of TL1A partially reverted senescence. TL1A overexpression induced premature senescence in both circulating endothelial progenitor cells and human
umbilical vein endothelial cells. We also identified a novel extracellular fragment of TL1A, TL1A(V84-L251), resulting from differential ectodomain shedding, which induced growth arrest and apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. These findings suggest that TL1A is involved in the regulation of endothelial cell senescence, via a novel fragment produced by differential ectodomain shedding.”
“Telomeres constitute the protective ends of chromosomes. They become shorter after each cell division, and therefore, telomere length is considered as an indicator of cellular aging. Interestingly, both inflammation and oxidative stress, which play a role in the etiology of Parkinson’s disease (PD), may accelerate telomere shortening.