The results showed that both exercise programs were associated with reductions in depressive symptoms and increased physical
activity participation. Neither exercise program impacted body composition or fitness. The authors concluded that both clinic-based and home-based exercise programs can benefit women with depressive symptoms. During pregnancy, symptoms are an important contributor to poor health status, while in the postpartum period a lack of social support is the most consistent predictor of poor health outcomes (Hueston and Kasik-Miller, 1998). The recommended levels of physical activity were positively associated with reduced depressive symptoms. In particular, social functioning, and mental health are critically affected by the recommended http://www.selleckchem.com/products/BAY-73-4506.html level
of physical activity (Brown et al 2003). Our estimate of the effect of aerobic exercise on depression is likely to be valid because the study design incorporated features such as concealed allocation and intention-to-treat analysis in order to minimise the potential for bias in the results. Only one outcome was measured so the risk of Type I error was low. The required sample see more size was calculated a priori and was attained, with little attrition from the study cohort during the trial period. Nevertheless, our findings should be considered within the context of the limitations of the study design. One limitation was that the therapists and participants were not blinded. Further studies may be needed to explore the relationships Thiamine-diphosphate kinase among psychological status, physical function, and quality of life during pregnancy with depressive symptoms ( Brown et al 2000, Ramírez-Vélez et al 2011a, Montoya Arizabaleta et al 2010). Investigation of other intervention components, such as behaviour therapy, is also needed ( Field et al 2009, Rethorst et al 2009). In addition, future randomised controlled trials should
study the effects of exercise in pregnancy among women with low pre-pregnancy physical activity. Physiotherapists should advise pregnant women that aerobic exercise training during pregnancy reduces the severity of symptoms of depression. It is unclear whether the effect on depression alone is large enough for pregnant women to feel it justifies the time, effort and cost of the exercise regimen. However, the effect on depression is supplemented by preventive effects on maternal hypertension and gestational diabetes, as well as improved well-being and quality of life. eAddenda: Table 3 available at http://jop.physiotherapy.asn.au Ethics: The University of Valle Research Ethics Committee approved this study (Res-021/010-UV). Informed consent was gained from all participants before data collection began. Support: COLCIENCIAS (Grant No 1106-45921540). Competing interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.