92, P < 0.001, AA
reference). Features inversely related to SVR included education beyond high school (RR = 0.64, P = 0.002, less than high school degree reference), body weight (RR = 0.95 per 5 kg increase, P = 0.01), insulin resistance (RR = 0.63, P = 0.003, not insulin-resistant reference), the natural log of HOMA2 (RR = 0.77, P < 0.001), baseline log10 HCV level (RR = 0.77, P < 0.001), and more disease severity as measured by fibrosis (Ishak) score (RR = 0.90, P = 0.02). Additionally, platelet count (RR = 1.25 per 103 cells/mm3 increase, P = 0.01) and amounts of PEG-IFN (RR = 1.41 per 10% increase, P < 0.001) and ribavirin (RR = 1.25 Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor per 10% increase, P < 0.001) taken during the first 24 weeks of therapy were directly related to the rate of SVR. With regard to lipid levels, baseline TG (natural log scale) was inversely related (RR = 0.65, P = 0.002) and LDLc was directly related (RR = 1.05 per 10 mg/dL increase, P = 0.002) to the rate of SVR. Baseline HDLc and TC levels were not significantly associated with SVR. The relationships between the probability of SVR and baseline and changes in TG, LDLc, HDLc, and TC and during 24 weeks of therapy are shown in Supporting
Information Fig. 1. Although the probability of SVR was negatively associated with baseline TG, it was positively related to increases in TG during therapy. On the other hand, the probability of SVR was positively associated with baseline LDLc, but negatively associated with increases in LDLc from baseline during 24 weeks of therapy. Among males, HDLc appeared to be inversely related to SVR rates (Supporting Information Fig. 1C), whereas in Selleckchem PLX4720 females the relationship was opposite (Supporting
Information Fig. 1D). The probability of SVR based on baseline and on-treatment changes in TC levels revealed similar patterns as LDLc. In crude and race-adjusted regression models, the relationships between variables representing the changes in lipid profile measures (both during and after therapy) and the rate of SVR are summarized in Table 3. Adjusting for race, SVR rates were directly and significantly associated with increases in TG (natural log scale; RR = 1.29, P = 0.02) and declines in LDLc (RR = 0.97, P = 0.02, per 5 mg/dL increase) during 24 Aldol condensation weeks of therapy, compared with pretreatment. Posttreatment changes from pretreatment values in both LDLc (RR = 1.04, P = 0.001, per 5 mg/dL increase) and TC (natural log scale; RR = 4.10, P < 0.001) were directly and significantly related to the rate of SVR. The multivariable model reported by Conjeevaram et al.4 based on 400 participants was fit for the 329 participants for whom serum lipid and covariate data were available (Table 4). In model 1, factors significantly associated with SVR included male gender (RR = 0.80, P = 0.049), Ishak fibrosis score (RR = 0.90, P = 0.009), and the amount of PEG-IFN taken during the first 24 weeks (RR = 1.38, P < 0.001 per 10% dose increase).