05) compared to paracetamol at the 15-min (P < 0001) and 4-h (P 

05) compared to paracetamol at the 15-min (P < 0.001) and 4-h (P < 0.009) periods. Conclusions.  Preoperative use of ibuprofen and paracetamol may provide a pre-emptive analgesic effect in paediatric patients who receive adequate analgesia during mandibular primary tooth extraction. ”
“Objective.  The objectives of this study were to determine the effectiveness of mandibular infiltration compared with mandibular block in treating primary canines in children and to relate the effectiveness to the type of treatment performed. Methods.  A total of 89 children, 6–9 years old, requiring identical treatment on contralateral

mandibular canines were selected. The split mouth study design was used. The Entinostat solubility dmso anaesthetic used in both techniques was 2% lidocaine solution with 1 : 80,000 epinephrine. Dental procedures included class III, IV, and V restorations, formocresol pulpotomies, and extractions. Child’s pain reaction and behaviour SAHA HDAC molecular weight for each anaesthesia technique and the type of treatment were rated at certain intervals of treatment using sounds, motor, and ocular changes indicating pain and the Frankl Behaviour Rating Scale. Evaluations were made upon injection, probing, rubber dam placement, and during tooth preparation and extraction. Results.  No statistically significant difference was found between the two anaesthetic techniques for either pain or behaviour

at all evaluation intervals (P > 0.05), during the performance of restorations, pulpotomies, or during extractions. Conclusions.  Mandibular infiltration anaesthesia is as effective as mandibular block for restoration, pulpotomy, and extraction in primary canines. The mandibular infiltration anaesthesia was not significantly less painful than the mandibular

block. ”
“Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) has been detailed extensively in adults, but to date, there have been Progesterone no similar cases in children. Members of the dental team may treat children prescribed bisphosphonate therapy often for management of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). There is uncertainty as to how best treat this patient group. This review explores the background of bisphosphonates, indications for their prescription in children, adverse effects with special emphasis on BRONJ, and protocols available to guide dental management. ”
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2010; 20: 276–282 Background.  Lesions in the mouth and in other tissues and organs (oral and systemic lesions) in paediatric HIV infection are diverse and show differences in clinical presentation and severity from that of adults. Very little data exist for oral lesions in paediatric population in India. Aim.  To document and study oral and more widespread lesions in paediatric HIV seropositive patients. Design.  A cross-sectional study. Setting.  Paediatric HIV seropositive patients at tertiary centers: Ragas Dental College and Hospital and YRG CARE, Chennai, India. Patients and methods.